The response of serum apolipoprotein H to an oral fat load

Ann Clin Biochem 2004;41:330-334
doi:10.1258/0004563041201482
© 2004 Royal Society of Medicine

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Original Articles


RG Zahedi,
LKM Summers,
P Lumb,
G Chik and
MA Crook


Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Medicine, St Thomas’ Hospital, London;
Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolic Medicine, St Thomas’ Hospital, London;
Department of Chemical Pathology, Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospital, London;
Department of Chemical Pathology, Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospital, London;
Department of Chemical Pathology, Guy’s and St Thomas’ Hospital, London


Background: We tested the hypothesis that serum apolipoproteinH (apo H) concentration increases after an oral fat load. Sucha study would give valuable insight into whether apo H was influencedby the postprandial state.

Methods: Ten male subjects aged 24-48 years were fed 62.5 gof total fat (saturates 12 g, monounsaturates 35.3 g, polyunsaturates12.5 g). Venous blood was sampled hourly for 5 h post-oral fatload.

Results: No significant change in serum apo H concentration occurred following the oral fat load. However, serum apo H in the baseline samples correlated significantly with subject body mass index (r = 0.683, P < 0.05), body fat mass (r = 0.778, P < 0.01), lean body mass (r = 0.693, P < 0.05), serum triglyceride (r = 0.732, P < 0.02), serum insulin (r = 0.808, P < 0.01) and insulin resistance index (r = 0.794, P < 0.01). In stepwise multiple linear regression model, with serum apo A1, apo B, lipoprotein(a), total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, plasma glucose and insulin and apo H as the dependent variable, insulin remained in the model (r = 0.81, P < 0.01). Conversely, with body mass index, body fat mass, lean body mass and waist/hip ratio in the model and apo H as dependent variable, only body fat mass remained in the model (r = 0.78, P < 0.01).

Conclusions: Serum apo H may be involved in insulin resistanceand relates to various indices of adipose tissue, includingbody fat mass. However, serum apo H concentrations do not significantlychange postprandially.


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