Biochemical and nutritional indices as cardiovascular risk factors among Iranian firefighters

This version was published on 1 September 2009

Ann Clin Biochem 2009;46:385-389
doi:10.1258/acb.2009.009026
© 2009 Association for Clinical Biochemistry

 

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Original Articles


Nazli Azabdaftari1,
Reza Amani1 and
Mohammad Taha Jalali2


1 Department of Nutrition, Diabetes Research Center;
2 Department of Laboratory Sciences, Jondi-Shapour University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran


Corresponding author: Reza Amani. Email: rezaamani{at}hotmail.com


Aim: Limited cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk data are availablefor firefighters worldwide. This comparative study was aimedat investigating the biochemical and nutritional indices offirefighters in Iran.

Materials and methods: Individuals’ anthropometric measurements, including weight,height, and waist and hip circumferences, were measured andthe percent of body fat (BF%) was also obtained. Blood samplingwas done in order to determine lipid profile, including totalcholesterol (TC), triglycerides (TG), low-density lipoproteincholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C),lipoprotein a (Lp(a)) and fasting blood sugar (FBS) concentrations.Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP) were alsomeasured.

Results: The mean ages of firefighters and administrative staff were 42.45 ± 6.75 and 44.64 ± 5.83 y, respectively. The prevalence of overweight and obesity was 45% and 24% in firefighters and 54% and 23% in administrative staff, respectively. High waist-to-hip and waist-to-stature ratios were detected in 26.4% and 81.3% of firefighters versus 33.3% and 89.7% of the control group, respectively. No significant differences were observed between the mean of TC, TG, HDL-C, LDL-C and FBS concentrations. The mean of Lp(a) was significantly higher among firefighters (P<0.05). About half of the subjects in bothgroups had TC >5.17, TG >1.69, HDL-C <1.03 nmol/L andLp(a) >25 mg/dL. There were no significant differences betweenthe SBP and DBP of subjects. There was no significant differencein smoking habits between the two groups.

Conclusions: Considering the high prevalence of overweight and obesity, highTC, TG and Lp(a) and low HDL-C concentrations among all firefighters,it seems necessary to provide fitness-promotion and nutritionaleducation programs for the prevention of obesity-related chronicdiseases such as CVD.


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